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75 percent of workplace harassment victims who complain face retaliation, study finds

comprehensive study conducted in 2016  by the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission uncovered some troubling truths about harassment in the workplace.

» RELATED: Sexual harassment in the workplace: What is it, how to report it and more you should know

In a preface to the report, EEOC co-chairs wrote the number of harassment complaints the team receives every year is still striking 30 years after the U.S. Supreme Court recognized sexual harassment as a form of discrimination under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

>> Read more trending news

“We present this report with a firm, and confirmed, belief that too many people in too many workplaces find themselves in unacceptably harassing situations when they are simply trying to do their jobs,” the co-chairs wrote.

» RELATED: #MeToo: Women share harrowing accounts of sexual assault, harassment

The EEOC selected a 16-member team from a variety of disciplines and regions to be part of the Select Task Force on the Study of Harassment in the Workplace, to conduct an 18-month study in which they heard from more than 30 witnesses and received numerous public comments.

Here are some of the report’s key findings about workplace harassment: 

It’s still a problem.

Nearly one-third of the 90,000 charges EEOC received in 2015 included an allegation of workplace harassment, according to the report.

» RELATED: After defending Harvey Weinstein, director Oliver Stone accused of sexual assault by Playboy model

It too often goes unreported.

Roughly three out of four victims of harassment spoke to a supervisor or representative about the harassment.

It’s also common, the report found, for those who experience harassment to either ignore and avoid the harasser, downplay the situation, try to forget the harassment or endure it.

“Employees who experience harassment fail to report the harassing behavior or to file a complaint because they fear disbelief of their claim, inaction on their claim, blame, or social or professional retaliation,” report authors wrote.

» RELATED: Jane Fonda on Harvey Weinstein: ‘I’m ashamed I didn’t say anything’

Anywhere between 25-85 percent of women reported sex-based harassment.

Using testimonies and academic articles, analysts dug deeper into the widely divergent numbers.

They found that when asked if they experienced “sexual harassment” without defining the term, 25 percent of women reported they had.

The rate grew to 40 percent when employees were asked about specific unwanted sex-based behaviors.

And when respondents were asked similar questions in surveys using convenience samples, or people who are easy to reach, such as student volunteers, the incidence rate rose to 75 percent, researchers found.

» RELATED: Harvey Weinstein booted from film academy

“Based on this consistent result, researchers have concluded that many individuals do not label certain forms of unwelcome sexually based behaviors – even if they view them as problematic or offensive – as ‘sexual harassment,’” authors wrote.

More men are reporting workplace sexual assault.

According to the EEOC, reports of men experiencing workplace sexual assault have nearly doubled between 1990 and 2009 and now account for 8 to 16 percent of all claims.

» RELATED: Sexual harassment in the workplace: What is it, how to report it and more you should know

Seventy-five percent of harassment victims faced retaliation when they came forward.

The EEOC report noted the results of a 2003 study, which found “75 percent of employees who spoke out against workplace mistreatment faced some form of retaliation.”

Victims often avoid reporting the harassment, because they feel it’s the most “reasonable” course of action, another researcher found.

Indifference or trivialization in the organization, according to the report, can harm the victim “in terms of adverse job repercussions and psychological distress.”

These are just some of the risk factors associated with workplace harassment:

  • Workplaces with lack of diversity in terms of gender, race or ethnicity, age
  • Workplaces with extreme diversity
  • Workplaces with many young workers
  • Workplaces with significant power disparities, such as companies with executives, military member, plant managers
  • Service industries that rely on customer service or client satisfaction
  • Workplaces with monotonous or low-intensity tasks

In addition to being plain wrong, there’s a business case for stopping and preventing harassment.

The EEOC report found there are a multitude of financial costs associated with harassment complaints, such as time and resources dealing with litigation, settlements and damages.

Harassment can also lead to decreased workplace performance and productivity, reputational harm and increased turnover rates.

But the bottom line, according to the report, is: “Employers should care about preventing harassment because it is the right thing to do, and because stopping illegal harassment is required of them.”

You can read the full report at eeoc.gov.

10 ways to keep your spirits up during a job search

Job hunting can be a tenuous, frustrating process. Endless rounds of leads and interviews that never go anywhere are exhausting.

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How do you keep going when you’re feeling constantly rejected?

Here are 10 tips for job seekers:

1. Determine the worst-case scenario

How bad can it get? If you think it over, in nearly all cases, this outcome is not as bad as you initially thought.

Think out a plan to overcome your potential obstacles. Determine the rewards of your desired outcome and strive for them by executing your plan through both the ups and downs.

2. Don’t make it personal

It’s easy to start thinking it’s you, not them. You wonder what others have that you don’t. You wonder what you need to fix that others don’t.

Try to keep your perspective, and remember that there are many reasons it may not have worked out. Maybe the position was filled by an internal candidate. Maybe your interviewer had an off-day, which tainted his or her opinion of you during the interview.

“No” isn’t a judgment against you – it’s just something that happens.

3. It’s a process

The idea that someone is going to pick you off the street and hand you a job in which you will make tons of money and be perfectly satisfied is a lovely idea. However, it doesn’t generally work like that. It’s a process.

Commit to take meaningful steps through that process, including applying for jobs both in and out of your comfort zone, working your contacts and being prepared for rejections.

4. Build your enthusiasm for each job

Ask yourself one question when you’re scanning job listings – can I get excited by this job? If you’re not excited or confident about your ability to produce great results for potential employers, do not expect them to be excited and confident about potentially hiring you.

Employers are looking for problem-solvers who can help their firms make and/or save money. Honest enthusiasm will help fuel your pitch.

5. Give yourself a break

It can feel oppressive if you’re under pressure to find a new job. The constant strain can affect the way you sleep, the way your body digests food and your emotional state.

Give yourself permission to take a night or weekend off from applying. Dig into a favorite book or movie, and return to the job hunt rejuvenated.

6. Overcome your fears

If you are afraid of blowing the few job leads you may have because you do not know what to say to a potential employer, are not confident in your abilities to generate value and so on, do not use these fears as reasons to do nothing. You can overcome these worries with some practice.

For example, identify 5-10 companies you would never work for and use them to practice creating your own job market. If you can build up a reasonable argument why these companies should hire you, you’ll be ready for the companies that do want to hire you.

7. Adjust your strategy

If you’re not getting good results, try changing your strategy. This could mean developing an alternate resume or cover letter, or hiring someone to write one for you. You can also spread out into professional groups and do more face-to-face networking.

8. Combat isolation

An unexpected impact of a long, tough job hunt can be isolation — feeling distant and alone in your struggles while your friends and family go on with their regular lives.

An important part of finding your way through the job hunt is realizing that you don’t have to do it alone. Try bouncing some cover letters around with friends or old colleagues. Maybe ask someone to make an introduction. Look into meeting with a career advisor.

The important thing is to make connections.

9. Exercise and give back

Job seekers should exercise to counter stress, bad moods, low energy levels, and potential depression that can result from the job search.

RELATED: If you don’t work out and want to start, here’s how to create an exercise routine in 8 easy steps

Also give back by helping others or volunteering. The benefits of volunteering include a reduction in stress, physical pain and depression. It also increases the endorphin level, which helps people literally feel a rush of joy inside.

10. Take care of your finances

Sometimes, the only way to reassert control of your life is going out and spending money. That’ll end badly if you’re between jobs, though.

Don’t ignore a worsening financial situation; suck it up and deal with it. Look at how you can downsize, or consider getting a short-term job to keep your finances ticking while you keep looking for something long-term.

Keeping the basics covered in your life will help you stay as relaxed as possible and keep your mind on the job hunt.

RELATED: These 7 red flags in the workplace may be signs you’re about to lose your job

UPS hiring 95,000 workers nationwide

Not far ahead of the holiday season, UPS is gearing up for an increase in the number of deliveries and services associated with the busy fall and winter months. 

The company announced Wednesday a plan to hire 95,000 employees across the country. 

>> Read more trending news

The company will offer part- and full-time seasonal jobs, primarily package handlers, drivers and driver-helpers.

According to a news release, seasonal jobs often lead to longer-term positions with UPS, and up to 35 percent of employees hired seasonally over the last three years now have permanent jobs with the company.

“Our seasonal jobs often lead to permanent employment and even careers for some,” UPS CEO David Abney said in the release. “We offer flexible shifts and full- and part-time positions. If you are a student, a working mom or just looking to make extra money for the holidays, we have a job for you.”

Abney and other members of UPS leadership started their careers at the company as part-time workers. 

Seasonal and part-time UPS employees who become full-time permanent workers at the company are eligible for healthcare and retirement benefits, and employees enrolled in college are eligible to receive up to $25,000 in tuition assistance.

Apply for a job at UPS here.

Looking for a job? Here are the top 25 US cities to get hired

A new survey by job site Glassdoor named the country’s top 25 cities to find a job.

>> Read more trending news 

Glassdoor.com, a job site that analyzes data on job openings, quality of life and home values, rated Pittsburgh the No. 1 city for jobs in 2017.

Each city was ranked based on three factors: cost of living, job satisfaction and hiring opportunity. 

According to the report, Pittsburgh has more than 95,000 job openings, with civil engineer, registered nurse and project manager listed as “hot jobs.” The city has a $44,000 median base salary, and the median home value is $137,400.

The report, based on a comparison of the 50 most populated U.S. metropolitan cities, rated cities on a five-point scale to earn a “city score.” Pittsburgh earned 4.4 points, as did Indianapolis, Indiana; Kansas City, Missouri; Raleigh-Durham, North Carolina; St. Louis, Missouri; and Memphis, Tennessee.

Surprisingly, or maybe not so surprisingly, New York City, San Francisco and Los Angeles did not make the list.

Here is the full list of the best US cities to get a job, according to Glassdoor:

1. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania2. Indianapolis, Indiana3. Kansas City, Missouri4. Raleigh-Durham, North Carolina5. St. Louis, Missouri6. Memphis, Tennessee7. Columbus, Ohio8. Cincinnati, Ohio9. Cleveland, Ohio10. Louisville, Kentucky11. Birmingham, Alabama12. Detroit, Michigan13. Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota14. Hartford, Connecticut15. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma16. Washington D.C.

17. Seattle, Washington

18. Atlanta, Georgia19. Baltimore, Maryland20. Nashville, Tennessee21. Milwaukee, Wisconsin22. San Jose, California23. Chicago, Ilinois24. Charlotte, North Carolina25. Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas

Amelia Finefrock contributed to this report.

Aftermath of Hurricane Harvey brings job opportunities at FEMA to Texans

The U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency is hiring Texan workers to help with the recovery process after Hurricane Harvey.

>> Read more trending news

The new hires will assist teams of local, state and federal workers, along with volunteers from charities and community groups already on the ground, TIME reported.

The agency will work alongside the Texas Workforce Commission to place qualified workers where they can offer the most aid. Each position pays between $14 and $34 per hour.

The positions available through the FEMA program include:

  • Administrative support assistant
  • Civil engineer
  • Communications specialist
  • Construction cost estimator
  • Courier
  • Crisis counselor
  • Customer service specialist
  • Environmental specialist
  • Floodplain management specialist
  • Graphics specialist
  • Hazard mitigation outreach specialist
  • Historic preservation specialist
  • Registered nurse
  • Sign language interpreter
  • Voluntary agency liaison

RELATED: FEMA to states: plan for climate change or lose federal aid

In a press statement announcing the program, FEMA officials said that the agency “gains valuable community insights, provides jobs and puts Texans to work helping Texans.”

One position that demonstrates that mission is the customer service specialist, who will “serve as the primary point of contact for persons inquiring about disaster assistance,” according to the FEMA website.

The duties for this position will also include “assisting disaster victims, processing claim requests for disaster assistance, and providing information regarding available programs to individuals applying for disaster assistance.”

The agency is also opening up positions in its “reservist” program. The “temporary, on-call and intermittent” positions include duties ranging from hazard mitigation and remediation to historic preservation to financial management.

Interested applicants can submit their resumes and applications through the Texas Workforce Commission website or through the FEMA website.

The agency will be announcing new job postings as they become available.

Looking for dream nanny job? Gig offers $129,000 salary and access to life of luxury

Looking for a gig that incorporates your love for children and traveling? One family is on the hunt for a nanny who can keep an eye on their children and four homes, including one in Atlanta and three international locations.

>> Read more trending news 

This month, a London couple posted an opening on childcare.co.uk for a full-time, live-in nanny who would be responsible for caring for four kids ages 2 to 15 for six days a week from 7 a.m. to 8 p.m. 

“I feel it is best to be upfront – the role is demanding,” the ad reads. But if you fit the bill, the job comes with some incredible perks.

It pays nearly $129,000 a year and requires the person to maintain the family’s four houses - located in London, Barbados, Cape Town and Atlanta. Additionally, the candidate must participate in the children’s home-school sessions; eat with them at every meal, which will be cooked by a Michelin star chef; and take them to various daily appointments. 

To do so, the nanny will have access to the family’s cars including a Porsche, Range Rover and Maserati, so a clean U.K. driving record is a must. 

» RELATED: Family seeks live-in nanny for their 'haunted' house

But the couple isn’t seeking the average babysitter. They need a nanny with no children. They must also have a child psychology degree, self-defense training and a minimum of 15 years of nanny experience. The kids must also like the applicant. 

They also noted that binge drinking or drug taking “will not be tolerated.” 

So far the couple has received more than 300 applications and are encouraging people to apply only if they are qualified. 

“If you do not have ALL the necessary qualifications, skills and experience for the role then we would politely request that you do not even bother making an application as it is a waste of our time and yours,” they wrote

Think you’re the perfect person for the job? Submit your application here.

Here's why you might want to stop using smiley faces in emails

Think you’re being nice when you add a smiley face to the end of your email? According to one study, you could be conveying something else. 

>> Read more trending news 

The new study, titled the “The Dark Side of a Smiley,” examines the “effects of smiling emoticons on virtual first impressions.”

Researchers from Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Israel found that, contrary to popular belief, virtual smiley faces are not a suitable replacement for an in-person smile.

In fact, “smileys do not increase perceptions of warmth and actually decrease perceptions of competence,” the researchers found. 

The study, which involved 549 participants from 29 countries, tested three experiments to gather findings. 

One experiment revealed that when the gender of the email sender was unknown, recipients assumed it was a woman if the sender used a smiley face. This finding did not correlate with participants’ conclusions with friendliness or competence.

Another experiment found that not only do recipients of professional emails with smiley faces generally view senders as less competent, they’re also less willing to share important information with the sender. When considering two emails that are exactly the same with the only difference being that one includes a smiley face, the one without the emoticon is more commonly effective.

“The study ... found that when the participants were asked to respond to emails on formal matters, their answers were more detailed and they included more content-related information when the email did not include a smiley,” said Dr. Ella Glikson, a post-doctorate fellow at the BGU Department of Management, Guilford Glazer Faculty of Business and Management. “We found that the perceptions of low competence if a smiley is included in turn undermined information sharing.”

Although using smiley faces in professional emails could hinder communication in the workplace with new or unknown contacts and coworkers, the practice is more acceptable and less harmful when used with workplace buddies.

“People tend to assume that a smiley is a virtual smile, but the findings of this study show that in the case of the workplace, at least as far as initial ‘encounters’ are concerned, this is incorrect,” Glikson said.  “For now, at least, a smiley can only replace a smile when you already know the other person. In initial interactions, it is better to avoid using smileys, regardless of age or gender.”

The concise conclusion? 

“In formal business emails, a smiley is not a smile,” Glikson said.

How long do black women have to work to earn as much as white men?

To earn as much as the average white man earned in one year, black women on average have to put in one year and eight months of work.

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And Monday, July 31, known as Black Women’s Equal Pay Day, is the date into 2017 that black women had to work to catch up to what their white male counterparts earned in 2016 alone.

Twitter users, including several notable leaders and celebrities, took to the social media platform Monday to address the wide wage gap:

» RELATED: Delta says its pay for men and women is close to equal 

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, women in the United States working full-time and salaried jobs in 2016 earned approximately 20 percent less than what men in the same positions earned.

But that disparity is even worse for black women, who earn 17 percent less than their white female counterparts.

» RELATED: The U.S. doesn’t even crack the top 15 best countries for women 

Statistics show black women in particular are paid approximately 63 cents on the dollar compared to white, non-Hispanic men.

In a Fortune Magazine essay penned by professional tennis player Serena Williams on Monday, Williams calls on her fellow black women to reclaim those 37 cents.

» RELATED: Georgia among worst for women, ranking shows 

“The issue isn’t just that black women hold lower-paying jobs. They earn less even in fields of technology, finance, entertainment, law, and medicine.” she wrote. “Changing the status quo will take dedicated action, legislation, employer recognition, and courage for employees to demand more. In short, it’s going to take all of us. Men, women, of all colors, races and creeds to realize this is an injustice. And an injustice to one is an injustice to all.”

Williams also included surprising findings from a SurveyMonkey poll, including that 69 percent of black women perceive a pay gap, while only 44 percent of white men recognize there’s a pay-gap issue.

“Black women: Be fearless. Speak out for equal pay. Every time you do, you’re making it a little easier for a woman behind you. Most of all, know that you’re worth it. It can take a long time to realize that. It took me a long time to realize it. But we are all worth it. I’ve long said, ‘You have to believe in yourself when no one else does,’ she wrote. “Let’s get back those 37 cents.”

Read Williams’ full essay at Fortune.com.

Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg and her global Lean In organization, which focuses on “empowering women to achieve their ambitions,” have also teamed up with small businesses in Richmond, Virginia; Indianapolis, Indiana; and Atlanta to offer 37 percent discounts to represent the pay gap for black women.

Woman breaks for mental health days; boss' reply goes viral

A Michigan woman who suffers from depression emailed her team at work informing them that she would be taking days off to focus on her mental health and well-being, and her boss’ response has gained much attention online. 

>> Read more trending news 

Madalyn Parker, a web developer at Olark Live Chat, took to Twitter to post a screenshot of her email communication with her co-workers and a supervisor.

In an email titled “Where’s Madalyn?” Parker told her team she’d be taking off two days to renew her mental health. 

“Hopefully, I’ll be back next week refreshed and back to 100%,” she wrote. 

Parker was surprised and delighted by one of the responses she received. She asked the sender if she could post a screenshot of the reply, and he told her yes.

“Hey Madalyn, I just wanted to personally thank you for sending emails like this. Every time you do, I use it as a reminder of the importance of using sick days for mental health,” Ben Cogleton, the CEO of Olark wrote. “I can’t believe this is not a standard practice at all organizations.”

He continued: “You are an example to us all and help cut through the stigma so we can all bring our whole selves to work.”  

Parker’s post of the conversation garnered more than 34,000 likes on Twitter and sparked conversations about companies’ obligation to provide mental health days.

“It’s 2017. I cannot believe that it is still controversial to speak about mental health in the workplace when 1 in 6 Americans are medicated for mental health,” Cogleton wrote in a blog post. “We are in a knowledge economy. Our jobs require us to execute at peak mental performance. When an athlete is injured they sit on the bench and recover. Let’s get rid of the idea that somehow the brain is different.”

Nuclear plant uses bikini contest to hire interns

A nuclear power station in Czech Republic got a toxic reaction from the public after it decided to use a swimsuit contest to hire interns. 

>> Read more trending news 

CEZ's Temelin power station posted to their Facebook page photos of high school graduates posing in bikinis and hard hats last week, USA Today reported.

The post, which has since been deleted, said the woman with the greatest number of likes would be titled “Miss Energy 2017” and get a two-week internship. 

But many Facebook users scrutinized the station, commenting on how the post was “unprofessional” and “distasteful,” CNN reported. 

The plant apologized two days later on Facebook and said all 10 of the contestants would receive internships, Fox News reported.

"The purpose of the competition was to promote technical education," the post read. "But if the original vision raised doubts or concerns, we are very sorry."

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